Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Moral Attitudes and Values Development in School Hashtag: #FailingTheHonest Moral Attitudes and Values Development in School Most parents typically taught their children not to lie and be honest in everything they do as our society in general favors those who are truthful, sincere, and equitable. Similarly, educational institutions play a major role in ensuring that each student recognizes the worth and value of being honest in purpose, work, and principle. However, despite social norm and value learned in school, honestly in some society received punishment rather than admiration or respect. The reason why schools typically avoid false systems of merits and demerits is the fact that such practice teaches children to work for end results rather study and learn. However, telling the truth in this world is not always the best policy particularly when it involves admitting your fault or exposing somebody in power. One reason is the fact that our perception of things offends those that are note aligned with them. Some people find it difficult to confront the truth as such complex reality demands emotional and intellectual integrity. Many college students according to one study consider freedom, honesty, happiness, and competence as important personal values but they do not consider honestly as an obligation. These college students may be aware that such attitude sometimes frustrates other people. The study shows that some people actually gave up their honest behavior because of a bad experience. Punishing people for being honest makes them avoid such situation again through lies and deceit. You may also like these articles: The Value of Academic Debate The Scientific Basis for Defining Seasons Remembering Our First Stage of Education Junk Food in School Practice What You Preach The Effect of Dysfunctional Social Norms Honesty builds trust and should be treated with respect but in many circumstances, a personÃ¢â¬â¢s honesty seems more of a disadvantage than a helpful characteristic. One problem is that traditional belief on the value of honesty is now overshadowed by alternative social norms that tolerate dishonesty. According to study, some society rationalized dishonesty and other dysfunctional norms as unavoidable and even condone fraudulent and inefficient decisions made by social leaders and public authorities. In fact, this type of attitude prevails regardless of economic costs and serious consequences such as violations of public interests. In business organizations according to research, an establishment of a norm of dishonesty among employees often make honest employees accept the norm and start viewing themselves as people who can also engage in theft and fraud. The organizations responses over this dysfunctional employee norm such as investing in high-tech security and surveillance systems seem to worsen the problem more. For instance, as costly security measures send the message that the company does not trust its employees, the sense of organization community is decreased. Moreover, it can also lead to employee hostility and retaliation as security system facilitates the belief that management is an enemy. In school, students who regularly cheat and get away them makes cheating an acceptable behavior to their peers. In time, such academic dishonesty will become a dysfunctional but well-accepted social norm among students. Moreover, since people internalized norms and cheating does not stop after graduation, these students will likely continue doing other forms of dishonesty in later life such as cheating their spouse, lying to their workplace superiors, cheat customers, theft, fraud, and others. The saddest thing about it is the fact that habitual dishonesty often makes people view their misconduct as morally acceptable regardless of company financial losses and severe social consequences.
Monday, March 2, 2020
How to Implement a Guest Blogging Process with Jess Ostroff [PODCAST] You probably already know all of the benefits of writing guest posts on other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s blogs, but have you considered having guests post on your blog? Some of the benefits you might enjoy include increased publishing frequency, more efficiency and consistency, higher ranking for your keywords, and a better sense of credibility and trust among your readers. Best of all, this move can help you convert more customers. Today, our guest is Jess Ostroff, the CEO of DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Panic Management, which she describes as a Ã¢â¬Å"virtual assistant agency on steroids.Ã¢â¬ She is also the managing editor at Convince Convert, which publishes a lot of content from guest writers. She is talking to us about how to become a content management mastermind when it comes to hosting guest bloggers on your website. Powered by PodcastMotor Actionable Content Marketing powered by By 00:00/00:00 1x 100 > Download file Subscribe on iTunes Leave Review Share Some of the topics weÃ¢â¬â¢ll talk about today include: What Jess does at DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Panic Management in her role as Director of Calm and as editor of Convince Convert. How a marketer can attract the best guest bloggers in their industry and how to prove to potential bloggers that your site is worth writing for. The writing requirements that are most helpful to be sure you get the quality you want out of your guest blog posts. The best way to manage the pitch-acceptance process. Suggested tools and strategies to make the guest-blogging process as efficient and successful as possible, from pitch to final editing and eventual promotion. The one major thing you should keep in mind if you are hoping to build a guest-blogging relationship with someone.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Epidemiology - Essay Example It is possible to have increased labour force participation by older workers. A slow growth in the labour force shall see health administration retain older workers by offering higher wages; flexible working schedules, increased training toward the older workers. This transition shall increase the dependence of technology in the health care field. Health administration shall invest heavily in research to come up with ways to deal with the economic implication presented by the post-industrial transition. Gaziano observes that the United States shall experience a new epidemiological transition. This new phase is because of a decline in physical activity among the population whereas their total caloric intake increases (Gaziano, 2008). The result is an epidemic of obesity that is already affecting the United States. This stage explains the expected rise in cases of type 2 diabetes, lipid abnormalities, and hypertension associated with obesity. The health administration faces this new challenge when their efforts are focused in reducing cases of degenerative and man-made diseases affecting the present society. Health administration shall invest in programs aimed at raising awareness on the importance of maintain healthy diet and being physically active. Health administration shall rely on school programs to ensure children understand the importance of physical activities. The federal government presently supports the health administration field by ensuring that the school diet promotes healthy living
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Business Data Analysis - Essay Example Histogram for the First Quarter Average Order Size Figure 1.3. Histogram for the Second Quarter Average Order Size Table 1.2. Relative Frequency Distribution for the First Quarter Average Order Size Order Size Intervals Frequency Relative Frequency 0-20 0 0.00 20-40 0 0.00 40-60 0 0.00 60-80 0 0.00 80-100 2 0.03 100-120 8 0.13 120-140 17 0.27 140-160 19 0.31 160-180 10 0.16 180-200 4 0.06 200-220 1 0.02 220-240 1 0.02 Ã 62 1 Table 1.3. Relative Frequency Distribution for the Second Quarter Average Order Size Order Size Intervals Frequency Relative Frequency 0-20 0 0.00 20-40 0 0.00 40-60 0 0.00 60-80 0 0.00 80-100 1 0.02 100-120 10 0.16 120-140 24 0.38 140-160 19 0.30 160-180 5 0.08 180-200 3 0.05 200-220 2 0.03 Ã 64 1 (b) Construct similar quarterly charts for the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s total number of orders per day. ... Relative Frequency Distribution for the Third Quarter Orders Q3 Order Intervals Frequency Relative Frequency 100-110 0 0.00 110-120 1 0.02 120-130 1 0.02 130-140 4 0.06 140-150 2 0.03 150-160 14 0.22 160-170 16 0.25 170-180 13 0.21 180-190 10 0.16 190-200 1 0.02 200-210 1 0.02 Ã 63 1 Table 1.5. Relative Frequency Distribution for the Fourth Quarter Orders Q4 Order Intervals Frequency Relative Frequency 100-110 0 0.00 110-120 0 0.00 120-130 2 0.03 130-140 2 0.03 140-150 5 0.08 150-160 10 0.16 160-170 15 0.23 170-180 9 0.14 180-190 8 0.13 190-200 8 0.13 200-210 3 0.05 210-220 1 0.02 220-230 0 0.00 230-240 0 0.00 240-250 1 0.02 Ã 64 1 Table 1.6. Relative Frequency Distribution for the First Quarter Orders Q1 Order Intervals Frequency Relative Frequency 100-110 0 0.00 110-120 1 0.02 120-130 1 0.02 130-140 1 0.02 140-150 3 0.05 150-160 3 0.05 160-170 9 0.15 170-180 12 0.19 180-190 14 0.23 190-200 7 0.11 200-210 4 0.06 210-220 5 0.08 220-230 1 0.02 230-240 1 0.02 Ã 62 1 Table 1.7. Relative Frequency Distribution for the Second Quarter Orders Q2 Order Intervals Frequency Relative Frequency 100-110 1 0.02 110-120 0 0.00 120-130 0 0.00 130-140 0 0.00 140-150 2 0.03 150-160 7 0.11 160-170 7 0.11 170-180 19 0.30 180-190 13 0.20 190-200 9 0.14 200-210 4 0.06 210-220 1 0.02 220-230 1 0.02 Ã 64 1 (c) What changing patterns are evident in the data from quarter to quarter? What are some possible explanations? The histograms and relative frequency distributions of the average order size for the first and second quarters are both uni-modal and negatively skewed. This indicates that data are concentrated to the right of the mean. This supports LaurelÃ¢â¬â¢s trending assumptions that Ã¢â¬Å"orders will be more frequent and for smaller amounts than beforeÃ¢â¬ . Meanwhile, the histograms
Friday, January 24, 2020
Satire, Surrealism and Dark Humor in Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle "And there on the shaft in letters six inches high, so help me God, was the word: Mother" (48) "'If that's mother,' said the driver, 'what in hell could they have raised over father?'" As the reader soon finds out, 40 cm of marble, as directed by Felix Hoenikker's will, that says "FATHER" (49). Vonnegut stops you short and plucks at your hand like a little boy who has just shaved the cat and can't wait to show you what he's done: you can't, as a responsible adult, laugh at the absurdity of the bald and shivering feline because you know that you should be astonished, offended, annoyed, anything but burst out laughing, which you desperately desire to do. Vonnegut acts as Wrang-Wrang in this scene; two men in an ice storm, marveling at a towering alabaster penis given in memoriam to a mother by her children. Vonnegut's use of the surreal (and, by the way, this is also an episode of, if not dark, then very twisted humor) in the scene discourages the reader's scrutiny so that Vonnegut can slip his point across without notice. What point? Possibly, and this could be just me thinking aloud, the scene describes the strength of the mother and the dual roles she had to play; the father was also a child, as simple and pure in his intellectual ecstasy as, well, a marble cube. "The marker was an alabaster phallus twenty feet high and three feet thick" (48), Vonnegut crows, inviting you to stand in the cold with him and wonder with the driver exactly what in hell is going onÃ¢â¬ ¦ Satire is thrown into CC early and often, so much that it seems almost unfairly easy to extract examples, but it is such an integral component of the novel that it requires at least a look-see. One of my favorite parts of the book is the scene on the airplane where Jonah meets not one but two stereotypical "Ugly Americans," a term coined by William J. Lederer and Eugene Burdick in the title of their 1958 novel of the same name. The Mintons are well educated, speaking "six or seven" (65) languages between the two of them but see the people and places they have seen during their diplomatic careers as "About the same" (65). They are what Bokonon calls a duprass that will, as Jonah points out, die at very nearly the same time when the world is overcome by ice-nine.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
Mark Twain depicts an apprehension to racisms through the character Huckleberry Finn. He is a white young boy who comes in contact with the conditions of slavery at a relatively early age. The author allows him to feel uncomfortable with the very process by which humans are classified in civil society. This view is based on how Twain created the institution of slavery to be established at the time. Twain in emphasizing his views allow his character to be confronted by situations which would force him to think about slavery and the face of racism. The young man is pressured by his own fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s harsh racist belief as depicted in the election scene, Ã¢â¬Å"It was Ã¢â¬Ëlection day, and I was just about to go and vote myself if I warnÃ¢â¬â¢t too drunk to get there; but when they told me there was a State in this Country where theyÃ¢â¬â¢d let a nigger vote, I drawed out. Ã¢â¬ (Echeat, 2010)Twain creates the paradox between father and son to highlight where he stood on racism. Mark Twain-Racism-Tom Sawyer Surprisely, even though Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures of Tom Sawyer includes a character named Huckleberry Finn as is represented in The Adventures of HucleburyFinn the role designation is entirely different. Huckleberry Finn plays a supportive role in allowing Tom to complete his mischiefs. The author displayed very little interest of projecting a race issues his that society. Its only emergence was flashed as a minor development in the story was in the killing of Dr Robinson by a Native American, However, there were no direct racial insinuations in the account, Ã¢â¬Ë In the scuffle, Injun Joe stabs Dr. Robinson with PotterÃ¢â¬â¢s knifeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. Native-American Ã¢â¬Å"half-breedÃ¢â¬ Injun Joe. Ã¢â¬â¢(Sparknotes, 2010) To conclude It can be presumed that the time when Huckleberry Finn was written racism was Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s major sociological concern. On the other hand with Tom Sawyer he was viewing morals from the perspective of parental authority and how social groups interact. REFERENCE Ã¢â¬Å"Racism in Huckleberry finn. Ã¢â¬ www. echeat. com. N. p. , n. d. Web. 29 May 2010. . Ã¢â¬Å"The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Ã¢â¬ www. sparknotes. com. N. p. , n. d. Web. 29 May 2010. .
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1901 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Compare and contrast essay Did you like this example? In June 1995, lawyers pleaded the judge to be lenient while sentencing the former United Way President William Aramony, putting forth an argument that his judgment was severely reduced because of shrinkage in brain and castration. Unimpressed, he was sentenced to seven years of imprisonment for conspiracy, money laundering, and embezzlement. Aramony was found to have used over $600,000 of the charitys funds for high-priced flights on the Concorde, limousines left idling while he dined in fine restaurants, and consulting fees for his teenage girlfriends. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "United Way Of America Business Or A Charity Finance Essay" essay for you Create order He was convicted on six counts of mail fraud, one count of wire fraud, and eight counts of interstate transportation of fraudulently obtained property. The United Way of America (UWA) is the separately incorporated national headquarters that coordinates activities of over 1,300 local United Way chapters, United eWay, United Way International, and the United Way Store. United Way of Americas income is based on a formula whereby approximately 0.75 % of the funds raised by local chapters are transferred to UWA to run the national office. Contributions to the United Way peaked at $3.17 billion in 1991, just before news broke of the Aramony scandal. A 1992 board chartered investigation and report by Verner Liipfert IGI indicated that UWA operations had been handled with an unacceptable degree of informality and deference to the desires of its two principal officers, and identified 10 specific areas of concern: 1. Proliferation of spin off organizations 2. Unjustified consult ing fees paid to close associates of the executive 3. Travel expenses and reimbursement of personal expenses by the CEO and the CFO 4. Insufficient financial controls 5. The boards process for establishing executive compensation 6. Pension oversight failures 7. Inadequate documentation regarding donor restricted grants 8. Inadequate controls over federal grants 9. Allegations of sexual advances by the CEO toward employees 10. Structure of the board The Executive Committee of the board met on February 3, 1992, by conference call, to review this report and concluded with a unanimous vote of confidence in Aramony. Several weeks later, the same committee met again, rejected a resignation letter submitted by Aramony, reaffirmed the Executive Committee s unanimous vote of confidence, and requested that Aramony stay on as president and CEO during the boards search for and transition to a new executive. Attorneys subsequently argued that these two votes of confid ence were implicit endorsements of Aramonys behavior. Aramony tried to run the United Way as a business, and in the process violated the trust of the employees, donors, board, and supported organizations that expected different behavior from the United Way as a non-profit charity. By virtue of its national stature-raising over $ 3 billion per year through all of its entities combined-the United Way is blessed with a high-powered board that features many captains of industry and business. Being the CEO of the company, Aramony sought after interacting comfortably with the members of the board and the donors of wealth, revolving around their luxurious life as and when he felt like doing so. He also emulated their grand and highly luxurious lifestyle. It is reasonable to suggest that a charity should be run like a business, which involves implementing best practices to control expenses, increase revenue, and enhance the organizations fiscal viability. However, non-profit organi zations are prominently different from profit organizations and therefore the management and governance must understand the limitations. The United Way, for example, is a mission driven charity, totally dependent on donor gifts and sponsorship income, with virtually no fee for service revenue base. In contrast, every for-profit corporation is based on some variation of fee-for-service or fee-for-product revenue, which allows for performance metrics based on volume. The non-profit organization generates gift revenue based on goodwill and trust, the for-profit corporation proves or disproves its value proposition with every purchase. For non-profits, individual donors feel violated when they see the lead caretaker spending money frivolously. Media frenzy surrounded the Aramony scandal, making it close to impossible to discern the legitimate issues. His behavior raised questions that went beyond merely matters of business style. Aramony clearly assumed that he was entitled to a plethora of high-end perks. In the mix were legal, moral, and ethical issues as well as convicts of style. In the end, he was sent to jail not for convicts of style but for embezzlement, fraud, and money laundering. The issues raised by the media were abhorrent for all businesses, but particularly toxic for nonprofit organizations. He tarnished the image of the United Way and reduced donor trust; as a result, charitable gift revenue decreased significantly. As a convicted felon resting comfortably in federal prison at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, Aramony had time to exercise his legal rights, arguing that the United Way of America owed him $7.2 million for salary, pension benefits, pre- judgment interest, legal expenses, and costs. UWA countered by arguing that Aramony should pay over $30 million in restitution and damages. U.S. District Judge Shira A. Scheindlin ruled in the case of William Aramony v. United Way of America in the U.S. Court. Judge Scheindlin wisely point ed out that A felon, no matter how despised, does not lose his right to enforce a contract. On the other hand, his recovery of any contractual benefit does not diminish the seriousness of his criminal conduct. Exhibit 1.2 shows that in 1997, just two years after Aramony was sentenced, the United Way of America (headquarters) generated a net gain of $1,266,511 on total revenue of $28,343,787, a 5 % positive margin. But decreases in gift income in the local chapters were the ultimate outcome of the scandal. In fact, total combined contributions to the local chapters peaked at $ 3.17 billion in 1991, dropping to $3.04 billion in 1992 and $3.05 billion in 1993. Furthermore, the scandal was expensive. As part of its final court settlement, UWA argued that the Aramony scandal cost it between $ 11.7 million and $32.2 million in lost dues (i.e., the percentage of funds paid by dues formula from the local chapters to UWA). The argument, ultimately rejected by the judge, linked the decrea se in local chapter funding to a decrease in dues paid by local chapters to UWA. UWA argued in court that it was entitled to up to $40 million from Aramony, as shown in the next table. Judge Scheindlin ruled that Aramony had to pay over $2 million to UWA, as follows: $ 952,250 Repayment of Salary $ 232,138 Payment for Damages Flowing from Criminal Conduct $ 788,555 Pre Judgment Interest $ 50,000 Punitive Damages In regard to Aramonys argument that he was entitled to pension payments from UWA, the judge ruled that UWA must pay him $ 3,221,057 for pension benefits and $1,177,121 pre-judgment interest. The performance ratios as indicated in the above table tell an interesting story about the six-year impact of the scandal. First, note that the fundraising ratios are well below national averages, bouncing between 1% and 4 %. The fluctuation over the three-year period could well be indicative of new management or a new campaign strategy. Second, note a significan t decrease in program service revenue (i.e., fee-for-service revenue), as well as in the ratio for other income. As these two ratios decreased, the contributions/grant ratio increased to offset the reductions. Interestingly, the contributions/grants ratio increased significantly from 2003 to 2005. Finally, the relatively high debt ratio of 2003 had decreased significantly by 2005. Key Lessons Value of Board and Committee Minutes Aramony, a convicted felon and a former employee of the United Way, was battling to recoup over $7 million from UWA. The biggest single item in contention was payment of pension funds, complicated by a change in the pension contract approved by the Executive Committee 10 years earlier. With over $ 3 million in play on this item alone, the Executive Committee minutes were a critical source of information for the court as it pieced together the intent of the committee in regard to the change in the pension plan. Implications of Board Delegation The Executive Committee minutes of 1984 made it clear that the committee had approved the pension plan change in concept and had delegated to CFO Stephen Paulachauk authority to handle the details of finalizing and signing the contract. The concept paper approved by the board included a forfeiture clause in the event of fraud, embezzlement, or felony on the part of the participant, but the final contract signed by Paulachauk did not include the forfeiture clause. Ten years later, Paulachauk was indicted and Aramony was in jail, but the U.S. District judge ruled that the agreement was governed by the signed contract rather than the board-approved concept paper, because the committee had delegated signing authority to the CFO. Because the board had legally empowered the CFO to finalize the paperwork and execute the deal on its behalf, the judge ruled that UWA must pay Aramony $3,221,000 in pension funds, even though the board believed in retrospect that the work of the CFO did not re spect its original intent. Critical Need for Board Skepticism It was always clear to staff who supported him that he was a special, unique, and gifted person who had every right to set his own rules and standards. The staff and board deferred to Aramony, and let him do so. Aramony could have benefi ted greatly from a dose of board skepticism along with a commitment to hold him accountable. Instead, board members who were outstanding in their own fields deferred to Aramony as the expert in all affairs of nonprofi t charities and relied on him to bring the right issues to the board. As far back as 1990, several Executive Committee members received copies of an anonymous letter accusing Aramony of various improprieties. There is no evidence that they investigated the matter. Subsequently, immediately upon the 1992 release of the Verner -Liipfert IGI report, the Executive Committee offered a unanimous vote of confidence in Aramony, rather than delving into the issues identified in the report. Instead of taking a proactive stance investigating iss ues, the board appears to have repeatedly been in the position of reacting to the media and defending their man. This tragic sequence of events resulted in an erosion of donor confidence in the United Way, accompanied by a reduction in total giving. Dealing with the aftermath of the scandal, UWA then spent millions of dollars on investigators, special audits, public relations agencies, and legal expenses while losing millions from reductions in charitable giving and chapter dues. But through it all, the UWA managed the financial distress and avoided the Zone of Insolvency. What followed was a complete overhaul of the United Way at all levels. As a result of the reduction in charitable gifts to local chapters and the reduction in dues paid by the local chapters to headquarters, the UWA was cash challenged, forced to borrow money to make payroll, and forced to offer termination incentives to reduce the size of the workforce. Notes ÃâÃ ¦ 1. Charles, Hall, Ex Charity Chief s Sentence Plea Cites Surgery, Shrinking Brain, Washington Post, June 22, 1995, section B, p. 4. 2. Ex Leader Guilty of Taking $ 600,000 from United Way, Witnesses Depict a Womanizer Who Spent Lavishly, The Virginia Pilot , April 4, 1995, front section. 3. David Cay, Johnston, Court Rejects Former United Way President s Pension Claim, New York Times , June 22, 2001, section A, p. 14. 4. Karen, Arenson, United Way Holds Steady in Donations, New York Times, August 19, 1995, section 1, p. 8. 5. William Aramony v. United Way of America, 96 Civ. 3962, August 4, 1998, pp. 8 9. 6. John S., Glaser, An Insider s Account of the United Way Scandal: What Went Wrong and Why. New York: Wiley, 1994. 7. William Aramony v. United Way of America, 96 Civ. 3962, August 4, 1998. 8. Ibid . 9. Glaser, An Insider s Account of the United Way Scandal, p. 192.